What Is A Midwife

IMPORTANT As of Sept. 1, 2020, College of Midwives of BC amalgamated with the BC College of Nursing Professionals to become the BC College of Nurses and Midwives (BCCNM). The new BCCNM website is under construction and will be launched in late Fall 2020.

​In the interim, visitors can still retrieve information about midwifery regulation from the CMBC website or nursing regulation from the BCCNP website. Although the content on both websites may refer to CMBC or BCCNP respectively, it is the most current information on nursing and midwifery regulation. We appreciate your patience while we work towards launching the new BCCNM website and updating all our documents to reflect our new BCCNM name and brand.


A midwife is a licensed professional who works with women to provide primary care to women and their babies during pregnancy, labour, birth, and the postpartum period. As primary care providers, midwives may be the first point of entry to maternity services and are fully responsible for clinical decisions and the management of care within their scope of practice. A midwife completes a four-year university program that covers a wide variety of subjects related to midwifery, ethics, and clinical skills. After graduating, and before applying for registration with the College of Midwives of BC, a national skill and ability exam and a local jurisprudence exam must be completed.

In B.C. only midwives who are registered with the College of Midwives of BC can call themselves “registered midwives”.

What does a midwife do?

Midwives are experts in healthy pregnancy and birth.

The midwifery model of care promotes normal birth, enables women to make informed choices, offers families the choice of birth place (in home or in hospital), and provides continuity of care and support throughout the childbearing experience. Midwives care for low-risk prenatal, intrapartum, and postnatal care. This care includes physical examinations, screening and diagnostic tests, the assessment of risk and abnormal conditions, and the conduct of normal vaginal deliveries. Midwives work in collaboration with other health professionals and consult with or refer to medical specialists as appropriate.

How do midwives keep their skills up to date?

Registered midwives must renew their registration each year. They must ensure that they maintain certification in neonatal resuscitation, cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), and emergency skills. They must also maintain a certain level of practice to ensure continuing currency of their skills.

What happens when I first visit a midwife?

Your first visit with a midwife will usually be an intake assessment. You will get to know the midwife and the midwife will get to know you and determine if your pregnancy and birth will fall within their “normal” scope of practice and be eligible for midwifery care. If you and the midwife agree, you will book your first appointment. Midwives generally work in small groups and you may meet several midwives throughout your appointments. They will listen, observe, provide education, guide, and care for you. They may order and interpret tests. They will screen for physical, psychological, emotional, and social health. They will provide for all your pregnancy related health needs and if you have a health issue beyond their scope, you would see your family practitioner.

How can I find a midwife?

You do not need a referral to work with a midwife. A midwife may work in any setting including the home, community, hospitals, clinics, or health units. You should contact a midwife as soon as you become pregnant. Practices can become full quickly depending on the community and practice volume. See www.bcmidwives.com/find-a-midwife for a list of registered midwives by map, community, and/or name. 

How do I pay for a midwife?

Midwifery care is free and covered by the Ministry of Health for BC residents with a valid Care Card through the Medical Services Plan (MSP). If you are not covered by the BC provincial health care plan you may choose to pay privately for midwifery services.

What if I have concerns about the care I received from a midwife?

As a patient you have the right to expect a professional standard of care from your midwife. If you think that has not happened, please contact:

College of Midwives of BC
registrar at cmbc.bc.ca